is a coastal town in Algeria. Its ruins dating back to ancient times
have been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982. Tipaza is
recognized for its cultural tradition and significance in human history.
Tipaza is located at 68 km west of Algiers. It is limited geographically by:
- The Mediterranean Sea to the North;
- Chlef to the West;
- Ain Defla to the South West;
- Blida to the South;
- Algiers to the East.
The territory of the province of Tipaza stretches across 1707 km2.
Tipaza climate is considered to be arid to semiarid with mild and wet winters together with hot and dry summers.
The temperatures vary from 33° C for in summer (around July-August) to 6° C in winter (around December-February).
The original coastal settlement was established by the Phoenicians as a
trading center, and the remains of the necropolis from this period
represent the oldest and most extensive of the Punic age. Tipaza was
later taken over by the Romans, who used it as the beachhead from which
to launch their campaign of conquest of the Mauritanian kingdoms.
city has flourished under the Numidian king Juba II and became with
Caesaria (currently Cherchell) one of the center of the Berber-Roman
culture in North Africa.
In the 5th century, during the
Vandal attacks, a large number of Tipaza inhabitants fled to Spain,
while many of them were cruelly persecuted.
Tipaza revived for a
brief time during the Byzantine occupation in the 6th century. It was
given the Arabic language name, Tefassed, when Muslims arrived.
Visit to the Berber - Roman Ruins, Royal Mauritanian Temple and the Tipaza fishing harbor.